How To Install Vue 3 in Laravel 9 From Scratch - TechvBlogs

How To Install Vue 3 in Laravel 9 From Scratch

In this article, We will learn how to install Vue 3 in Laravel 9 from Scratch.


Suresh Ramani - Author - TechvBlogs
Suresh Ramani
 

5 months ago

What is Vue.js?

Vue is a progressive framework for building user interfaces. Unlike other monolithic frameworks, Vue is designed from the ground up to be incrementally adoptable. The core library is focused on the view layer only and is easy to pick up and integrate with other libraries or existing projects. Vue.js is a popular front-end framework for building Single Page Apps. It provides structure and abstraction. We can also create a server-side rendering application using Vue.js, It's helpful for SEO (Search Engine Optimization).

In older versions of Laravel, Vue was set up automatically with every new installation. However, in newer versions, you have to set it up yourself.

Luckily, the laravel/ui the package provides an easy way to set up Vue in your Laravel application.

In this article, We will learn how to install Vue 3 in Laravel 9 from Scratch.

Prerequisites

  • Laravel 9
  • Laravel Mix 6
  • Node version >=12.14

Step 1: Install Laravel Project

First, open Terminal and run the following command to create a fresh laravel project:

#! /bin/bash
composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laravel-vue3

or, if you have installed the Laravel Installer as a global composer dependency:

#! /bin/bash
laravel new laravel-vue3

Step 2: Install Vue 3

In this step, we need to install Vue 3 and its dependencies:

#! /bin/bash
npm install --save [email protected] && npm install --save-dev [email protected]

Step 3: Update Laravel Mix

Open webpack.mix.js and add .vue() the method as I added in the below code:

const mix = require('laravel-mix');

/*
 |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 | Mix Asset Management
 |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |
 | Mix provides a clean, fluent API for defining some Webpack build steps
 | for your Laravel applications. By default, we are compiling the CSS
 | file for the application as well as bundling up all the JS files.
 |
 */

mix.js('resources/js/app.js', 'public/js')
    .vue()
    .postCss('resources/css/app.css', 'public/css', [
        //
    ]);

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Step 4: Create Vue 3 component

Create a file named Welcome.vue in /resources/js/components folder and add the following code into this file:

<template>
    <h1>{{ title }}</h1>
</template>
<script>
export default {
    setup: () => ({
        title: 'How To Install Vue 3 in Laravel 9 From Scratch'
    })
}
</script>

Step 5: Import Vue to the app.js file

Open resources/js/app.js and update the following code into that file:

require('./bootstrap')

import { createApp } from 'vue'
import Welcome from './components/Welcome'

const app = createApp({})

app.component('welcome', Welcome)

app.mount('#app')

Step 6: Add Vue 3 Component to Laravel Blade File

Now in this step, we need to add js and Vue 3 components to the blade file.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

        <title>Laravel</title>

        <!-- Fonts -->
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Nunito:[email protected];600;700&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">

        <!-- Styles -->
        <style>
            /*! normalize.css v8.0.1 | MIT License | github.com/necolas/normalize.css */html{line-height:1.15;-webkit-text-size-adjust:100%}body{margin:0}a{background-color:transparent}[hidden]{display:none}html{font-family:system-ui,-apple-system,BlinkMacSystemFont,Segoe UI,Roboto,Helvetica Neue,Arial,Noto Sans,sans-serif,Apple Color Emoji,Segoe UI Emoji,Segoe UI Symbol,Noto Color Emoji;line-height:1.5}*,:after,:before{box-sizing:border-box;border:0 solid #e2e8f0}a{color:inherit;text-decoration:inherit}svg,video{display:block;vertical-align:middle}video{max-width:100%;height:auto}.bg-white{--bg-opacity:1;background-color:#fff;background-color:rgba(255,255,255,var(--bg-opacity))}.bg-gray-100{--bg-opacity:1;background-color:#f7fafc;background-color:rgba(247,250,252,var(--bg-opacity))}.border-gray-200{--border-opacity:1;border-color:#edf2f7;border-color:rgba(237,242,247,var(--border-opacity))}.border-t{border-top-width:1px}.flex{display:flex}.grid{display:grid}.hidden{display:none}.items-center{align-items:center}.justify-center{justify-content:center}.font-semibold{font-weight:600}.h-5{height:1.25rem}.h-8{height:2rem}.h-16{height:4rem}.text-sm{font-size:.875rem}.text-lg{font-size:1.125rem}.leading-7{line-height:1.75rem}.mx-auto{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto}.ml-1{margin-left:.25rem}.mt-2{margin-top:.5rem}.mr-2{margin-right:.5rem}.ml-2{margin-left:.5rem}.mt-4{margin-top:1rem}.ml-4{margin-left:1rem}.mt-8{margin-top:2rem}.ml-12{margin-left:3rem}.-mt-px{margin-top:-1px}.max-w-6xl{max-width:72rem}.min-h-screen{min-height:100vh}.overflow-hidden{overflow:hidden}.p-6{padding:1.5rem}.py-4{padding-top:1rem;padding-bottom:1rem}.px-6{padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}.pt-8{padding-top:2rem}.fixed{position:fixed}.relative{position:relative}.top-0{top:0}.right-0{right:0}.shadow{box-shadow:0 1px 3px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.1),0 1px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.06)}.text-center{text-align:center}.text-gray-200{--text-opacity:1;color:#edf2f7;color:rgba(237,242,247,var(--text-opacity))}.text-gray-300{--text-opacity:1;color:#e2e8f0;color:rgba(226,232,240,var(--text-opacity))}.text-gray-400{--text-opacity:1;color:#cbd5e0;color:rgba(203,213,224,var(--text-opacity))}.text-gray-500{--text-opacity:1;color:#a0aec0;color:rgba(160,174,192,var(--text-opacity))}.text-gray-600{--text-opacity:1;color:#718096;color:rgba(113,128,150,var(--text-opacity))}.text-gray-700{--text-opacity:1;color:#4a5568;color:rgba(74,85,104,var(--text-opacity))}.text-gray-900{--text-opacity:1;color:#1a202c;color:rgba(26,32,44,var(--text-opacity))}.underline{text-decoration:underline}.antialiased{-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale}.w-5{width:1.25rem}.w-8{width:2rem}.w-auto{width:auto}.grid-cols-1{grid-template-columns:repeat(1,minmax(0,1fr))}@media (min-width:640px){.sm\:rounded-lg{border-radius:.5rem}.sm\:block{display:block}.sm\:items-center{align-items:center}.sm\:justify-start{justify-content:flex-start}.sm\:justify-between{justify-content:space-between}.sm\:h-20{height:5rem}.sm\:ml-0{margin-left:0}.sm\:px-6{padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}.sm\:pt-0{padding-top:0}.sm\:text-left{text-align:left}.sm\:text-right{text-align:right}}@media (min-width:768px){.md\:border-t-0{border-top-width:0}.md\:border-l{border-left-width:1px}.md\:grid-cols-2{grid-template-columns:repeat(2,minmax(0,1fr))}}@media (min-width:1024px){.lg\:px-8{padding-left:2rem;padding-right:2rem}}@media (prefers-color-scheme:dark){.dark\:bg-gray-800{--bg-opacity:1;background-color:#2d3748;background-color:rgba(45,55,72,var(--bg-opacity))}.dark\:bg-gray-900{--bg-opacity:1;background-color:#1a202c;background-color:rgba(26,32,44,var(--bg-opacity))}.dark\:border-gray-700{--border-opacity:1;border-color:#4a5568;border-color:rgba(74,85,104,var(--border-opacity))}.dark\:text-white{--text-opacity:1;color:#fff;color:rgba(255,255,255,var(--text-opacity))}.dark\:text-gray-400{--text-opacity:1;color:#cbd5e0;color:rgba(203,213,224,var(--text-opacity))}.dark\:text-gray-500{--tw-text-opacity:1;color:#6b7280;color:rgba(107,114,128,var(--tw-text-opacity))}}
        </style>

        <style>
            body {
                font-family: 'Nunito', sans-serif;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body class="antialiased">
        <div id="app">
            <div class="relative flex items-top justify-center min-h-screen bg-gray-100 sm:items-center py-4 sm:pt-0">
                <welcome/>
            </div>
        </div>

        <script src="{{ mix('js/app.js') }}"></script>
    </body>
</html>

Step 7: Run Development Command For Compile Javascript Assets

#! /bin/bash
npm run watch

Run php artisan serve and check http://localhost:8000

Thank you for reading this blog.

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Comments (3)

HerrK HerrK 1 month ago

No webpack.mix.js is found after your first commands are run with the latest versions of Laravel and Vue. There ain't even a laravel-mix in the project where I could find it. So I don't know if this is outdated or if I have done something wrong.

kadir kadir 4 months ago

İf you got error like this: You may need an appropriate loader to handle this file type, currently no loaders are configured to process this file. See https://webpack.js.org/concepts#loaders

you should change webpack.mix.js: const mix = require('laravel-mix');

/* |--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Mix Asset Management
Mix provides a clean, fluent API for defining some Webpack build steps
for your Laravel applications. By default, we are compiling the CSS
file for the application as well as bundling up all the JS files.
*/

mix.js('resources/js/app.js', 'public/js').vue() .postCss('resources/css/app.css', 'public/css', [ // ]);

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