Laravel and Vue.js: How to Display Validation Errors with Example - TechvBlogs

Laravel and Vue.js: How to Display Validation Errors with Example

Learn to seamlessly display Laravel Vuejs validation errors with this practical guide and example. Elevate user experience and foster real-time feedback.


Suresh Ramani - Author - TechvBlogs
Suresh Ramani
 

1 month ago

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Web development is a dynamic field, and creating applications with Laravel and Vue.js has become a popular choice among developers. In this guide, we'll explore the process of displaying validation errors seamlessly in a Laravel and Vue.js project. We'll walk through the steps with a practical example to illustrate the concepts.

Understanding Laravel's Validation System

Laravel simplifies the process of validating user input through its built-in validation system. Let's start by defining some validation rules in a Laravel controller. Consider the following example where we validate a simple form submission:

namespace App\Http\Controllers\Api;
 
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
 
class UserController extends Controller
{
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $validatedData = $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required|string|max:255',
            'email' => 'required|email|unique:users|max:255',
            'password' => 'required|string|min:8',
        ]);

        // Logic to store data in the database
    }
}

In this example, if the validation fails, Laravel automatically redirects back to the form with the validation errors.

Define API route.

routes/api.php

use App\Http\Controllers\Api\UserController;
 
Route::post('/users', [UserController::class, 'store']);

Passing Validation Errors to Vue.js

To provide a seamless user experience, we want to display these validation errors without a page reload. Let's integrate Vue.js to achieve real-time validation feedback.

Firstly, ensure you have Vue.js set up in your project. You can use Laravel Mix or include Vue.js through a CDN. Now, let's create a Vue component to handle the form and display validation errors.

<!-- resources/views/welcome.blade.php -->
@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')
    <div id="app">
        <FormComponent></FormComponent>
    </div>
@endsection

Real-Time Display Validation Feedback with Vue.js

Now, let's create the Vue component to handle the form and perform real-time validation.

// resources/js/components/FormComponent.vue
<template>
    <div>
        <!-- Form HTML goes here -->
        <form @submit.prevent="submitForm">
            <input type="text" v-model="formData.name" placeholder="Name">
            <span class="text-red-600" v-if="errors?.name">{{ errors.name[0] }}</span>

            <input type="email" v-model="formData.email" placeholder="Email">
            <span class="text-red-600" v-if="errors?.email">{{ errors.email[0] }}</span>

            <input type="password" v-model="formData.password" placeholder="Password">
            <span class="text-red-600" v-if="errors?.password">{{ errors.password[0] }}</span>

            <button type="submit">Submit</button>
        </form>
        
    </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
    name:"FormComponent",
    data() {
        return {
            formData: {
                name: '',
                email: '',
                password: '',
            },
            errors: {},
        };
    },
    methods: {
        submitForm() {
            axios.post('/api/users', this.formData)
                .then(response => {
                    // Handle success
                })
                .catch(error => {
                    if (error.response.status === 422) {
                        this.errors = error.response.data.errors;
                    }
                });
        },
    },
};
</script>

In this example, when the form is submitted, a request is sent to the server. If the validation fails, the server responds with a 422 Unprocessable Entity status and includes the validation errors. The Vue component then updates the errors data property, which is bound to the template to display the errors in real time.

Conclusion

Integrating Laravel and Vue.js for real-time validation errors provides a smoother user experience. This example serves as a starting point, and you can customize it based on your project's requirements. Experiment with these concepts and adapt them to your specific use cases.

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