How to upload Multiple Files in Node.js - TechvBlogs

How to upload Multiple Files in Node.js

Learn how to implement dynamic and scalable multiple image uploads in Node.js using Express and Multer.


Suresh Ramani - Author - TechvBlogs
Suresh Ramani
 

2 months ago

TechvBlogs - Google News

In the dynamic world of web development, managing file uploads is a common requirement for many applications. When working with Node.js, a popular server-side JavaScript runtime, the ability to efficiently handle an arbitrary number of file uploads is essential for a seamless user experience. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk through the process of uploading multiple images in a Node.js environment, allowing for a dynamic and scalable solution.

Prerequisites

Before we begin, ensure that you have Node.js installed on your system. Additionally, you might want to use a framework like Express for building the server and handling HTTP requests.

How to upload Multiple Files in Node.js

Step 1: Set Up Your Node.js Project

Create a new project folder and initiate a Node.js project using the following commands:

mkdir multiple-image-upload
cd multiple-image-upload
npm init -y

Step 2: Install Necessary Packages

Install the required packages, such as Express and Multer, a middleware for handling multipart/form-data.

npm install express multer

Step 3: Create the Server with Express

Create the server using Express and set up the middleware for handling dynamic file uploads.

// index.js

const express = require('express');
const multer = require('multer');
const app = express();
const port = 3000;

const storage = multer.diskStorage({
  destination: function (req, file, cb) {
    cb(null, 'uploads/');
  },
  filename: function (req, file, cb) {
    cb(null, file.originalname);
  },
});

// Set up multer to handle a dynamic number of file uploads
const upload = multer({ storage: storage });

app.post('/upload', upload.array('files'), (req, res) => {
  // 'files' should match the name attribute in your HTML form

  const numberOfFiles = req.files.length;
  res.send(`${numberOfFiles} file(s) uploaded successfully!`);
});

app.listen(port, () => {
  console.log(`Server is running on port ${port}`);
});

Step 4: Create the HTML Form

Build a simple HTML form to allow users to select and upload an arbitrary number of image files.

<!-- index.html -->

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>Multiple Image Upload in Node.js - TechvBlogs</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form action="/upload" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input type="file" name="files" multiple>
    <button type="submit">Upload Files</button>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

Step 5: Run Your Node.js Server

Start your Node.js server by running the following command in the terminal:

node index.js

Visit http://localhost:3000 in your browser and test the file upload functionality by selecting an arbitrary number of image files and clicking the "Upload Files" button.

Conclusion

Congratulations! You have successfully implemented a dynamic multiple-image upload feature in a Node.js environment. This guide covered essential steps, from setting up the project to handling file uploads using the Express framework and Multer middleware. Feel free to customize and expand on this foundation to meet the specific requirements of your application, whether you need to handle a few images or a large number of them.

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