Git is the world's most popular distributed version control system used by many open-source and commercial projects. It allows you to collaborate on projects with your fellow developers, keep track of your code changes, revert to previous stages, create branches, and more. Linus Torvalds (the creator of Linux) developed Git.
A version control system is a system that keeps a record of the changes in a file (or multiple files) over a period. This is so that a user may return to a previous version of the system's software whenever necessary. This article shows you how to install and configure Git in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.
In this article, you will learn how to install and configure Git on Ubuntu 20.04 via the Command line.
- The operating system running Ubuntu 20.04 Linux
- A root or non-root user with Sudo privileges
- Has stable internet connection
- Terminal window / Command line
2. Update Local Repositories
Update all system packages to the latest, Run the following command:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade -y
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3. Install GIT
The Git utility package is available in ubuntu software sources, which can be installed by APT-GET. Run the following command:
sudo apt-get install git
Type Y for Yes and press Enter.
4. Check GIT Version
Verify the installation, run the following command:
That’s it, you have successfully installed Git on your Ubuntu, and you can start using it.
5. Configure GIT
Set your global user name and email. Run the following command:
git config --global user.name "<YOUR NAME>" git config --global user.email "<YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS>"
You can verify the configuration changes, run the following command:
git config --list
The configuration settings are stored in the ~/.gitconfig file:
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