Get a List of Tables from a Database in Laravel - TechvBlogs

Get a List of Tables from a Database in Laravel

Discover how to get a list of tables from a database in Laravel using the database abstraction layer. This comprehensive tutorial guides you through configuring the database connection, executing queries against the information schema, and processing the results. Enhance your Laravel development skills with dynamic table metadata retrieval techniques.

Suresh Ramani - Author - TechvBlogs
Suresh Ramani

2 months ago


When working with databases in Laravel, there are situations where you may need to retrieve a list of tables dynamically. Whether you're building an administration panel, generating dynamic reports, or performing any other task that requires table metadata, Laravel provides a convenient way to access this information. In this article, we will explore how to retrieve a list of tables from a database using Laravel's powerful database abstraction layer.

Get a List of Tables from a Database in Laravel

Step 1: Configure Database Connection

To begin, make sure you have properly configured your database connection in Laravel. Open the .env file located in the root directory of your Laravel project and provide the necessary credentials for your database server. Ensure that the DB_CONNECTION, DB_HOST, DB_PORT, DB_DATABASE, DB_USERNAME, and DB_PASSWORD variables are correctly set according to your database configuration.

Step 2: Import Database Manager Class

Next, open the file where you want to retrieve the list of tables. Typically, this would be a controller or a model class. Import the Illuminate\Support\Facades\DB class, which allows us to interact with the database using Laravel's elegant query builder:

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\DB;

Step 3: Retrieve Database Table Names in Laravel

To retrieve the list of tables, you can use the select method from the DB facade and execute a query against the database's information schema. The information schema is a system database that stores metadata about the database structure. In this case, we will query the TABLES table within the information schema:

$tables = DB::select('SHOW TABLES');

The SHOW TABLES query returns a result set containing a list of table names available in the database. The $tables variable will hold an array of objects, each representing a table name.

Step 4: Process the Result

Now that we have obtained the table names, we can process them as per our requirements. For example, you might want to display the table names in a dropdown menu or perform additional operations on each table name. Here's an example of iterating over the array and printing the table names:

foreach ($tables as $table) {
    echo $table->Tables_in_database_name . '<br>';

Replace database_name with the actual name of your database. In each iteration, we access the Tables_in_database_name property to retrieve the table name and display it.


Retrieving a list of tables from a database in Laravel is a straightforward process. By leveraging Laravel's powerful database abstraction layer and the information schema, you can easily obtain table metadata and perform various operations dynamically. Whether you're building an application that requires database administration, dynamic reporting, or any other database-related tasks, this approach provides a convenient way to access the necessary table information. With the steps outlined in this article, you can effortlessly retrieve and process table names in your Laravel projects.

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